Second case of meningococcal confirmed in Clarence Valley
A SECOND case of meningococcal disease in northern NSW has been confirmed by the North Coast Public Health Unit, which is urging people to be alert to the symptoms.
The latest case is of a three-year-old child from the Grafton area, which is being treated in a Queensland hospital.
This is the second confirmed in the Clarence Valley after a Maclean resident was diagnosed with the disease last week.
North Coast Public Health Unit acting director Greg Bell said all close contacts of the person are receiving clearance antibiotics.
"Meningococcal disease is very uncommon in NSW and two other cases have been notified in NNSW LHD this year, and only five cases for the whole of last year," Mr Bell said.
"The disease is caused by a bacterial infection which is not easily spread from person to person and generally does not survive well outside the human body."
Vaccination against meningococcal C is included in the National Immunisation Program Schedule and is recommended for all children at one year of age (as part of free routine immunisation).
The NSW Government invested $13 million in a state-wide immunisation program for 2017-18 to combat a rise in the W strain of meningococcal disease.
In addition, the NSW Meningococcal W Response Program provided Year 11 and 12 students across the state with free vaccines that protect against four strains of meningococcal disease, A, C, W and Y in 2017. Year 10 and 11 students are being offered the vaccine in 2018. A single dose of this vaccine provides effective protection against all four strains for at least five years. This age group has been targeted as teenagers are very socially active and therefore both more likely to be exposed to the infection, and also more likely to spread the infection in the community.
It is important to note that meningococcal vaccines do not cover all strains of the disease, so even vaccinated people need to be aware of the symptoms. Anyone with symptoms is advised to see a doctor urgently.
Meningococcal disease symptoms
Symptoms of meningococcal disease are non-specific but may include:
- Sudden onset of fever
- Neck stiffness
- Joint pain
- A rash of red-purple spots or bruises
- Dislike of bright lights nausea and vomiting