The latest findings from the Small Arms Survey show that Australia is about the sixth biggest importer of weapons, including rifles, revolvers, pistols and ammunition.
The survey, which tracks the global trade in weapons, also showed that the United States has remained the biggest importer and exporter of weapons, ABC reports.
Philip Alpers, a public health researcher at the University of Sydney and the founding director of the GunPolicy.org website, said Australia had ranked "surprisingly high" on the list of countries, coming in between sixth or eighth in the world depending on the year.
"We import a lot of firearms, but that's largely because we don't manufacture any of our own," he said.
Update your news preferences and get the latest news delivered to your inbox.